"Milton Jackson (January 1, 1923 - October 9, 1999) was an American jazz vibraphonist, usually thought of as a bebop player, although he performed in several jazz idioms. He is especially remembered for his cool swinging solos as a member of the Modern Jazz Quartet and his penchant for collaborating with several hard bop and post-bop players.
A very expressive player, Jackson differentiated himself from other vibraphonists in his attention to variations on harmonics and rhythm."
"John Paul Jones (born 3 January, 1946) is an English multi-instrumentalist, songwriter, composer, arranger and record producer. Best known as the bassist, mandolinist, and keyboardist for English rock band Led Zeppelin, Jones has since developed a solo career. A versatile musician, Jones also plays guitar, koto, lap steel guitars, autoharp, violin, ukulele, sitar, cello, continuum and recorder."
"J. R. R. Tolkien, (3 January, 1892 - 2 September, 1973) was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor, best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works [i:a6690a014b]The Hobbit[/i:a6690a014b], [i:a6690a014b]The Lord of the Rings[/i:a6690a014b], and [i:a6690a014b]The Silmarillion[/i:a6690a014b].
After his death, Tolkien's son, Christopher, published a series of works based on his father's extensive notes and unpublished manuscripts, including [i:a6690a014b]The Silmarillion[/i:a6690a014b]. These, together with [i:a6690a014b]The Hobbit[/i:a6690a014b] and [i:a6690a014b]The Lord of the Rings[/i:a6690a014b] form a connected body of tales, poems, fictional histories, invented languages, and literary essays about a fantasy world called Arda, and Middle-earth within it. Between 1951 and 1955, Tolkien applied the term [i:a6690a014b]legendarium[/i:a6690a014b] to the larger part of these writings.
While many other authors had published works of fantasy before Tolkien, the great success of [i:a6690a014b]The Hobbit[/i:a6690a014b] and [i:a6690a014b]The Lord of the Rings[/i:a6690a014b] led directly to a popular resurgence of the genre. This has caused Tolkien to be popularly identified as the "father" of modern fantasy literature - or, more precisely, of high fantasy. In 2008, The Times ranked him sixth on a list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945". Forbes ranked him the 5th top-earning dead celebrity in 2009."
"John McLaughlin (born 4 January 1942), also known as Mahavishnu John McLaughlin, is an English guitarist, bandleader and composer. His music includes many genres of jazz, and rock, which he coupled with an interest in Indian classical music to become one of the pioneering figures in fusion.
In 2010 guitarist Jeff Beck called him "the best guitarist alive". The Indian tabla maestro Zakir Hussain has called him "one of the greatest and one of the important musicians of our times".
After contributing to several key British groups of the early sixties and making his first solo record [i:fe895eef59]Extrapolation[/i:fe895eef59] he moved to the USA where he played with Tony Williams's group Lifetime and then with Miles Davis on his landmark electric jazz-fusion albums [i:fe895eef59]In A Silent Way[/i:fe895eef59], [i:fe895eef59]Bitches Brew[/i:fe895eef59], [i:fe895eef59]A Tribute to Jack Johnson[/i:fe895eef59] and [i:fe895eef59]On The Corner[/i:fe895eef59]. His 1970s electric band, the Mahavishnu Orchestra, performed a technically virtuosic and complex style of music that fused electric jazz and rock with Indian influences."
"Max Bruch (6 January, 1838 - 2 October, 1920), was a German Romantic composer and conductor who wrote over 200 works, including three violin concertos, the first of which has become a staple of the violin repertoire."
"Syd Barrett (6 January, 1946 - 7 July, 2006), was an English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and painter, best remembered as a founding member of the band Pink Floyd. He was the lead vocalist, guitarist and primary songwriter during the band's psychedelic years, providing major musical and stylistic direction in their early work, including their name."
"David Bowie (8 January 1947) is an English musician, actor, record producer and arranger. A major figure for over four decades in the world of popular music, Bowie is widely regarded as an innovator, particularly for his work in the 1970s. He is known for his distinctive voice, and the intellectual depth and eclecticism of his work."
"Kenny Clarke (January 9, 1914 - January 26, 1985), was a jazz drummer and bandleader. He was a major innovator of the bebop style of drumming. As the house drummer at Minton's Playhouse in the early 1940s, he participated in the after hours jams that led to the birth of Be-Bop, which in turn led to modern jazz."
"Jimmy Page, (born 9 January 1944) is an English multi-instrumentalist, songwriter, and record producer. He began his career as a studio session guitarist in London and was subsequently a member of The Yardbirds from 1966 to 1968, after which he founded the English rock band Led Zeppelin."
"Max Roach (January 10, 1924 - August 16, 2007) was an American jazz percussionist, drummer, and composer.
A pioneer of bebop, Roach went on to work in many other styles of music, and is generally considered alongside the most important drummers in history. He worked with many famous jazz musicians, including Coleman Hawkins, Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Miles Davis, Duke Ellington, Thelonious Monk, Charles Mingus, Billy Eckstine, Stan Getz, Sonny Rollins, Clifford Brown, Eric Dolphy and Booker Little.
Roach also led his own groups, and made numerous musical statements relating to the civil rights movement of African Americans."
"Joe Pass (January 13, 1929 - May 23, 1994) was an Italian-American jazz guitarist of Sicilian descent. He is generally considered to be one of the greatest jazz guitarists of the 20th century. His extensive use of walking basslines, melodic counterpoint during improvisation, use of a chord-melody style of play and outstanding knowledge of chord inversions and progressions opened up new possibilities for jazz guitar and had a profound influence on future guitarists."
"Daniil Borisovich Shafran (January 13, 1923 - February 7, 1997) was a great Soviet Russian cellist.
Shafran had a poetic and sincere way of performing music. His vibrato, phrasing and virtuosity all added to his distinctively passionate performances. Characteristic of his style was his inimitable rich tone, his unlimited musical freedom, and his impeccable technical proficiency."
"Zakk Wylde (born January 14, 1967), is an American musician, songwriter, and occasional actor who is best known as the former guitarist for Ozzy Osbourne and founder of the heavy metal band Black Label Society."
"Kenny Wheeler, (born 14 January 1930) is a Canadian composer and trumpet and flugelhorn player, based in the U.K. since the 1950s.
Most of his output is rooted in jazz, but he has also been active in free improvisation and has occasionally contributed to rock music recordings. Wheeler has written over one hundred compositions and is a skilled arranger for small groups and larger ensembles."
"Grady Tate (born January 14, 1932) is a hard bop and soul-jazz drummer and singer. He has a baritone voice. In addition to his prolific work as sideman, Tate has released many albums as leader and vocalist."
"Martin Luther King, Jr. [January 15, 1929 - April 4, 1968] was an American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for being an iconic figure in the advancement of civil rights in the United States and around the world, using nonviolent methods following the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. King has become a national icon in the history of modern American liberalism."
"Muhammad Ali (born January 17, 1942) is an American former professional boxer, philanthropist and social activist. Considered a cultural icon, Ali was both idolized and vilified.
Originally known as Cassius Clay, Ali changed his name after joining the Nation of Islam in 1964, subsequently converting to Sunni Islam in 1975, and more recently practicing Sufism. In 1967, three years after Ali had won the World Heavyweight Championship, he was publicly vilified for his refusal to be conscripted into the U.S. military, based on his religious beliefs and opposition to the Vietnam War. Ali stated, "I ain't got no quarrel with them Viet Cong... No Viet Cong ever called me nigger" - one of the more telling remarks of the era.
Widespread protests against the Vietnam War had not yet begun, but with that one phrase, Ali articulated the reason to oppose the war for a generation of young Americans, and his words served as a touchstone for the racial and antiwar upheavals that would rock the 1960s. Ali's example inspired Martin Luther King Jr. - who had been reluctant to alienate the Johnson Administration and its support of the civil rights agenda - to voice his own opposition to the war for the first time."
Ali would eventually be arrested and found guilty on draft evasion charges; he was stripped of his boxing title, and his boxing license was suspended. He was not imprisoned, but did not fight again for nearly four years while his appeal worked its way up to the U.S. Supreme Court, where it was eventually successful.
Ali would go on to become the first and only three-time lineal World Heavyweight Champion.
Nicknamed "The Greatest," Ali was involved in several historic boxing matches. Notable among these were three with rival Joe Frazier, which are considered among the greatest in boxing history, and one with George Foreman, where he finally regained his stripped titles seven years later. Ali was well known for his unorthodox fighting style, which he described as "float like a butterfly, sting like a bee", and employing techniques such as the Ali Shuffle and the rope-a-dope. Ali had brought beauty and grace to the most uncompromising of sports and through the wonderful excesses of skill and character, he had become the most famous athlete in the world. He was also known for his pre-match hype, where he would "trash talk" opponents, often with rhymes.
In 1999, Ali was crowned "Sportsman of the Century" by [i:9ed9d95a3e]Sports Illustrated[/i:9ed9d95a3e] and "Sports Personality of the Century" by the [i:9ed9d95a3e]BBC[/i:9ed9d95a3e]."
"Al Foster (born January 18, 1943) is an American jazz drummer. Foster played with Miles Davis' large funk fusion group in the 70s, was one of the few people to have contact with Miles during his retirement, and was also part of his comeback album [i:22ad1669df]The Man With the Horn[/i:22ad1669df] of 1981. He was the only musician to play in Miles' band for both periods"
"Marilyn Mazur (born January 18, 1955) is a percussionist, drummer, composer, vocalist, pianist, dancer and bandleader. She was born in New York and has lived in Denmark from age six. She is of Polish and African-American descent. Since 1975, she has worked as a percussionist with various groups, among them Six Winds with Alex Riel. Mazur is primarily an autodidact, but she has a degree in percussion from the Royal Danish Academy of Music."
"Jojo Mayer (born 18 January 1963) is a highly acclaimed Swiss drummer born in Zurich and currently resides in New York City.
Jojo Mayer is known for bringing together jazz, drum and bass, jungle, and other influences. He is also famous for his ability to play the rhythms of programmed jungle drum 'n' bass music on acoustic drums, terming this technique "reverse engineering", a phrase borrowed from computing. He executes this approach using various methods such as the Heel-toe bass drum technique, the Moeller stroke, and the "pull-out" or "push-pull" accent which takes the beat on the rebound. Using these techniques, he can play beats at astonishing speeds."
"Janis Joplin (January 19, 1943 - October 4, 1970) was an American singer and songwriter from Port Arthur, Texas. As a youth Joplin was ridiculed by her fellow students due to her unconventional appearance and personal beliefs, she later sang about her experience at school through her song "Ego Rock".
Early in her life, Joplin cultivated a rebellious and unconventional lifestyle, becoming a beatnik poet. She began her singing career as a folk and blues singer in San Francisco, playing clubs and bars with her guitar and auto-harp. A heavy drinker all of her life, her favorite drink was Southern Comfort.
Joplin first rose to prominence in the late 1960s as the lead singer of the psychedelic-acid rock band Big Brother and the Holding Company, and later as a solo artist with her more soulful and bluesy backing groups, The Kozmic Blues Band and The Full Tilt Boogie Band.
At the height of her career, she was known as "The Queen of Rock and Roll" as well as "The Queen of Psychedelic Soul". She was also a painter, dancer and music arranger."
"Simon Rattle (born 19 January 1955), is an English conductor. He rose to international prominence as conductor of the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra and since 2002 has been principal conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic (BPO)."
"Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 - October 7, 1849) was an American author, poet, editor and literary critic, considered part of the American Romantic Movement. Best known for his tales of mystery and the macabre, Poe was one of the earliest American practitioners of the short story and is considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre. He is further credited with contributing to the emerging genre of science fiction. He was the first well-known American writer to try to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career.
Poe and his works influenced literature in the United States and around the world, as well as in specialized fields, such as cosmology and cryptography. Poe and his work appear throughout popular culture in literature, music, films, and television. A number of his homes are dedicated museums today."
"Ahmir Thompson (born on January 20, 1971) known professionally as ?uestlove, is an American drummer, DJ, music journalist and record producer. He is best known as the drummer and joint frontman for the Grammy Award-winning band The Roots, which is now the in-house band for [i:36217d4125]Late Night with Jimmy Fallon.[/i:36217d4125]
"Jimmy Cobb (born January 20, 1929) is an American jazz drummer.
Probably his most famous work is on Miles Davis' [i:12d10492b9]Kind of Blue[/i:12d10492b9], considered by many to be the quintessential jazz record. As of 2012, Cobb is the last surviving player from the session."
"Huddie Ledbetter (January 20, 1888 - December 6, 1949) was an iconic American folk and blues musician, notable for his strong vocals, his virtuosity on the twelve-string guitar, and the songbook of folk standards he introduced.
He is best known as Lead Belly. Though many releases list him as "Leadbelly", he himself spelled it "Lead Belly". This is also the usage on his tombstone, as well as of the Lead Belly Foundation. In 1994 the Lead Belly Foundation contacted an authority on the history of popular music, Colin Larkin, editor of the Encyclopedia of Popular Music, to ask if the name "Leadbelly" could be altered to "Lead Belly" in the hope that other authors would follow suit and use the artist's correct appellation.
Although Lead Belly most commonly played the twelve-string, he could also play the piano, mandolin, harmonica, violin, and accordion. In some of his recordings, such as in one of his versions of the folk ballad "John Hardy", he performs on the accordion instead of the guitar. In other recordings he just sings while clapping his hands or stomping his foot.
The topics of Lead Belly's music covered a wide range of subjects, including gospel songs; blues songs about women, liquor and racism; and folk songs about cowboys, prison, work, sailors, cattle herding, and dancing. He also wrote songs concerning the newsmakers of the day, such as Franklin D. Roosevelt, Adolf Hitler, Jean Harlow, the Scottsboro Boys, and Howard Hughes."
"Telly Savalas (January 21, 1922 - January 22, 1994) was an American film and television actor and singer, whose career spanned four decades. Best known for playing the title role in the 1970s crime drama [i:03f566a261]Kojak[/i:03f566a261], Savalas was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in [i:03f566a261]Birdman of Alcatraz[/i:03f566a261] . His other movie credits include [i:03f566a261]The Young Savages[/i:03f566a261], [i:03f566a261]The Greatest Story Ever Told[/i:03f566a261] , [i:03f566a261]Battle of the Bulge[/i:03f566a261], [i:03f566a261]The Dirty Dozen[/i:03f566a261], [i:03f566a261]The Scalphunters[/i:03f566a261], supervillain Ernst Stavro Blofeld in the James Bond film [i:03f566a261]On Her Majesty's Secret Service[/i:03f566a261], [i:03f566a261]Kelly's Heroes[/i:03f566a261], [i:03f566a261]Pretty Maids All in a Row[/i:03f566a261], [i:03f566a261]Inside Out[/i:03f566a261] and [i:03f566a261]Escape to Athena[/i:03f566a261]."
"Eberhard Weber (born January 22, 1940) is a German double bassist and composer. As a bass player, Weber is known for his highly distinctive tone and phrasing. Weber's compositions blend chamber jazz, European classical music, minimalism and ambient music, and are regarded as characteristic examples of the ECM Records sound."
"Gary Burton (born January 23, 1943) is an American jazz vibraphonist.
A true original on the vibraphone, Burton developed a pianistic style of four-mallet technique as an alternative to the usual two-mallets. This approach caused Burton to be heralded as an innovator and his sound and technique are widely imitated. He is also known for pioneering fusion jazz and popularizing the duet format in jazz, as well as being a major figure in jazz education."
"Etta James (January 25, 1938 - January 20, 2012) was an American singer whose style spanned a variety of music genres including blues, rhythm and blues, rock and roll, soul, gospel and jazz. Starting her career in the mid 1950s, she gained fame with hits such as [i:3b41754210]Dance With Me, Henry[/i:3b41754210], [i:3b41754210]At Last[/i:3b41754210], [i:3b41754210]Tell Mama[/i:3b41754210], and [i:3b41754210]I'd Rather Go Blind[/i:3b41754210] for which she claimed she wrote the lyrics.
James is regarded as having bridged the gap between rhythm and blues and rock and roll, and is the winner of six Grammys and 17 Blues Music Awards. She was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in 1993, the Blues Hall of Fame in 2001, and the Grammy Hall of Fame in both 1999 and 2008."
"Clement "Sir Coxsone" Dodd, (January 26, 1932 - May 5, 2004) was a Jamaican record producer who was influential in the development of ska and reggae in the 1950s, 1960s and beyond."
"Eddie Van Halen (born January 26, 1955) is a Dutch guitarist, keyboardist, songwriter and producer, best known as the lead guitarist and co-founder of the hard rock band Van Halen, inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Eddie Van Halen is commonly known for his innovative performing and recording styles in blues-based rock, tapping, intense solos and high frequency feedback."
"Bobby Hutcherson (born January 27, 1941, Los Angeles) is a jazz vibraphone and marimba player. His vibraphone playing is suggestive of the style of Milt Jackson in its free-flowing melodicism, but his sense of harmony and group interaction is thoroughly modern.
In year 2010 he received lifetime the [i:92801ab66f]Jazz Master Fellowship Award[/i:92801ab66f] from NEA, [i:92801ab66f]National Endowment for the Arts[/i:92801ab66f] which is an independent federal agency.
[i:92801ab66f]National Endowment for the Arts Jazz Masters[/i:92801ab66f] is the highest honor given in Jazz established in 1982."
"Elmore James (January 27, 1918 - May 24, 1963) was an American blues guitarist, singer, songwriter and band leader. He was known as the "King of the Slide Guitar" and had a unique guitar style, noted for his use of loud amplification and his stirring voice."
"Frank Miller (born January 27, 1957) is an American comic book artist, writer and film director best known for his dark, film noir-style comic book stories and graphic novels [i:12521f5fa9]Ronin[/i:12521f5fa9], [i:12521f5fa9]Daredevil: Born Again[/i:12521f5fa9], [i:12521f5fa9]Batman: The Dark Knight Returns[/i:12521f5fa9], [i:12521f5fa9]Sin City[/i:12521f5fa9] and [i:12521f5fa9]300[/i:12521f5fa9]."
"Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 - 5 December 1791), was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era. He composed over 600 works, many acknowledged as pinnacles of symphonic, concertante, chamber, operatic, and choral music. He is among the most enduringly popular of classical composers.
Mozart showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood in Salzburg. Already competent on keyboard and violin, he composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty. At 17, he was engaged as a court musician in Salzburg, but grew restless and travelled in search of a better position, always composing abundantly. While visiting Vienna in 1781, he was dismissed from his Salzburg position. He chose to stay in the capital, where he achieved fame but little financial security. During his final years in Vienna, he composed many of his best-known symphonies, concertos, and operas, and portions of the Requiem, which was largely unfinished at the time of Mozart's death. The circumstances of his early death have been much mythologized. He was survived by his wife Constanze and two sons.
Mozart learned voraciously from others, and developed a brilliance and maturity of style that encompassed the light and graceful along with the dark and passionate. His influence on subsequent Western art music is profound, Joseph Haydn wrote that "posterity will not see such a talent again in 100 years."
"William Michael Griffin Jr. [born January 28, 1968], known by his stage name Rakim, is an American rapper. He is widely regarded as one of the most influential and most skilled emcees of all time. Eric B. & Rakim's classic album [i:83bdc5f8f8]Paid in Full[/i:83bdc5f8f8] was named the greatest hip hop album of all time by MTV, while Rakim himself was ranked #4 on MTV's list of the Greatest MCs of All Time."
"John Tavener (born 28 January 1944) is a British composer, best known for such religious, minimal works as [i:fbd36e5481]The Whale[/i:fbd36e5481], and [i:fbd36e5481]Funeral Ikos[/i:fbd36e5481]. He began as a prodigy; in 1968, at the age of 24, he was described by the Guardian as "the musical discovery of the year", while the Times said he was "among the very best creative talents of his generation." During his career he has become one of the best known and regarded composers of his generation."
"King Tubby (January 28, 1941 - February 6, 1989) was a Jamaican electronics and sound engineer, known primarily for his influence on the development of dub in the 1960s and 1970s.
Born Osbourne Ruddock, Tubby's innovative studio work, which saw him elevate the role of the mixing engineer to a creative fame previously only reserved for composers and musicians, would prove to be influential across many genres of popular music. He is often cited as the inventor of the concept of the remix, and so may be seen as a direct antecedent of much dance and electronic music production."
"Jackson Pollock (January 28, 1912 - August 11, 1956), was an influential American painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement.
During his lifetime, Pollock enjoyed considerable fame and notoriety. He was regarded as a mostly reclusive artist. He had a volatile personality, and struggled with alcoholism for most of his life. In 1945, he married the artist Lee Krasner, who became an important influence on his career and on his legacy.
Pollock died at the age of 44 in an alcohol-related car accident. In December 1956, the year of his death, he was given a memorial retrospective exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York City, and a larger more comprehensive exhibition there in 1967. More recently, in 1998 and 1999, his work was honored with large-scale retrospective exhibitions at MoMA and at The Tate in London."
"Frederick Delius, (29 January 1862 - 10 June 1934) was an English composer.
The lyricism in Delius' early compositions reflected both the music he had heard in America and the influences of European composers such as Edvard Grieg and Richard Wagner. As his skills matured, he developed a style uniquely his own, characterised by his individual orchestration and his uses of chromatic harmony."
"James Jamerson (January 29, 1936 - August 2, 1983) was an American bass player. He was the uncredited bassist on most of Motown Records' hits in the 1960s and early 1970s (Motown did not list session musician credits on their releases until 1971), and he is now regarded as one of the most influential bass players in modern music history. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2000."
"Roy Eldridge (January 30, 1911 - February 26, 1989), was an American jazz trumpet player. His sophisticated use of harmony, including the use of tritone substitutions, his virtuosic solos and his strong influence on Dizzy Gillespie mark him as one of the most exciting musicians of the swing era and a precursor of bebop."
"Thomas Tallis (January 30, 1505 - November 23, 1585) was an English composer. Tallis flourished as a church musician in 16th century Tudor England. He occupies a primary place in anthologies of English church music, and is considered among the best of England's early composers. He is honoured for his original voice in English musicianship."
"Philip Glass (born January 31, 1937) is an American composer. One of the highest profile composers writing "classical" music today, he is often said to be one of the most influential composers of the late 20th century. His music is also often (controversially) described as minimalist, along with the work of the other "major minimalists" La Monte Young, Terry Riley and Steve Reich.
He has lately distanced himself from the "minimalist" label, describing himself instead as a composer of "music with repetitive structures." Though his early mature music shares much with what is normally called "minimalist", he has since evolved stylistically. Currently, he describes himself as a "Classicist", pointing out that he is trained in harmony and counterpoint and studied such composers as Franz Schubert, Johann Sebastian Bach and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart with Nadia Boulanger.
Glass is a prolific composer: he has written works for the musical group which he founded, the Philip Glass Ensemble (with which he still performs on keyboards), as well as operas, musical theatre works, ten symphonies, eleven concertos, solo works, chamber music including string quartets and instrumental sonatas, and film scores. Three of his film scores have been nominated for Academy Awards."
"Franz Schubert [31 January 1797 - 19 November 1828] was an Austrian composer.
Although he died at an early age, Schubert was a prolific composer, having written some 600 Lieder, nine symphonies (including the famous [i:10f5b2bfef]Unfinished Symphony[/i:10f5b2bfef]), liturgical music, operas, some incidental music, and a large body of chamber and solo piano music. Appreciation of Schubert's music during his lifetime was limited, but interest in his work increased significantly in the decades following his death at the age of 31. Franz Liszt, Robert Schumann, Johannes Brahms and Felix Mendelssohn, among others, discovered and championed his works in the 19th century. Today, Schubert is seen as one of the leading exponents of the early Romantic era in music and he remains one of the most frequently performed composers."